Kayak is one type of boat that is used for fishing purposes. Most people use the kayak for sports fishing and other purposes. But before fishing, users must check the stability of kayak because it is an important feature of the kayak. So kayaking stability is an important characteristic when we buy a kayak. Stability has a significant impact on the kayaker paddling and the performance of the boat. Stability of kayak is the function of the width of kayak, paddle, hull design. There are various types of kayaks which have less stability than other kayaks. Among these kayaks, the recreational kayak has less stability than sea kayaks.
What is stability
Stability means a resistance of changing, displacement and it means that the watercraft remains in the same chemical and atomic state. The watercraft has stability means it can keep itself in its equilibrium position so that it can remain in a stable condition.
Primary and secondary stability of kayak
Primary stability means, how the kayak fishermen feel during kayak fishing and secondary stability means how to stabilize and to control the kayak and which things mostly affect the safety of fishermen in a kayak.
Some kayak features
Hull shape of kayak: The stability of kayak depends on the hull shape of the kayak. The hull shape of kayak determines the performance of it. The recreational boats have initial stability in flat water conditions.
What forces are involved in kayaking stability
Two forces work on the stability of a kayak. A kayak must be stable if sufficient forces work on the kayak. The weight of paddler of the kayak, gear and the weight of the kayak add a force on the boat that pushing down towards the center of the earth. The total weight of paddler and kayak is equal and opposite force from buoyancy that is the ability that something has to float on a liquid or in the air. It is the force that works on the part of the water; that goes below the surface of the water. Therefore, the pressure of water on the surface of the kayak adds a total pressure that can maintain the total weight of the boat.
Five different ways to increase the stability of kayak
1) Wear a drysuit.
2) Embrace swimming.
3) Learn to roll.
4) Paddle tipper boats.
5) Paddle forward.
What affects stability
Stability of the boat is affected by the width, the total distributed weight, and the shape of the hull.
1) The boats that have wider shape are more stable than other boats. The sit-on-top kayaks are stable because the width of these kayaks is 28 inches.
2) The boats that have a large number of seats are more stable than other boats. But a large number of seats make fishermen more comfortable to paddle the kayak.
3) The boats with flat hull are more stable than other vessels.
4) The boats with round bottom are less stable than another kayak.
Different types of kayak material
The stability of kayak depends on the width of the kayak, the total weight of kayak and the durability of the boat. Kayak consists of different types of materials, and these affect the boat’s durability, width, and weight.
Polyethylene: This is an inexpensive material and most popular type of material that used to construct kayak. Polyethylene may become damaged due to a hot temperature, but it can return to its original shape after cooling this material.
Thermoformed ABS: It is a more expensive material than polyethylene and using this material with acrylic creates a smooth and shiny kayak, and weighs lighter than other material. It can prevent the ultraviolet rays so that the kayak can’t damage due to ultraviolet rays.
Composite materials: This type of material includes fiberglass, carbon blends, and Kevlar. The kayaks made with this kind of material are more expensive and are light weight. This type of boat is vulnerable means fragile in constructional features.
Guide to kayak terminology
The kayak that has more surface area i.e. big hull has more stability than other kayaks. The kayak with a flat bottom also has more stability. The wider kayak base gives more primary stability. When the balance of paddler goes beyond the primary stability, then secondary stability helps kayak to stay in a stable position. So, to keep in a stable condition, the best guidance and best technique are necessary.
From the above article, it is found that the stability of kayak totally depends on the width, weight, and the hull shape of the kayak. It also depends on the material of kayak. The best guidance and best knowledge are necessary for a stable kayak. So, the user of kayak must obey some tips of the kayak to keep in a stable condition.